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Chicken Feed Guide for Broilers and Layers

Are you looking for the perfect chicken feed guide but can’t find the right one? Continue reading. One of the most common questions we get is how much feed I need.  While there are many factors that impact how much feed your chickens will need over the years we have established the following guidelines based on years of experience.

Although this chicken feeding schedule is designed primarily for Filipino farmers here in the Philippines, this is also applicable to chicken farmers in other countries as long as you have the feed equivalent of what we mentioned here.

This chicken feed guide is separated into two parts. The first one is for the broiler and the second part is for layers. Layers and broilers have different feed consumption.

Chicken Feed Guide for Broilers

Starter Feed. After acquiring day-old chicks, for the first 2 weeks, your chicks should be given starter feed. The most common starter feed available on every poultry supply is Integra 1000 by BMEG but you can ask the store for a cheaper alternative.  Each chick will require about 28 grams per day or approximately 392 grams of feed for the first 14 days.

Grower Feed. Starting in the third week, feed your broiler/free-range chickens grower feed or locally called “crumbles.”  The protein level of grower feed is typically 18%.  You will need about 680 grams of feed per bird per week, assuming that you butcher at week 5 or 6 (35 to 42 days).

Typical feed schedule per 1 chicken

  • Week 1 – 140 grams starter feed
  • Week 2 – 310 grams starter feed
  • Week 3 – 455 grams grower feed
  • Week 4 – 680 grams grower feed
  • Week 5 – 1,133 grams grower feed
  • Week 6 to slaughter – 1,360 grams of grower feed per week *** chicken could be slaughtered on Day 38

Putting it into financial perspective, the computation would look like this (actual feed price maybe higher or lower):

  • Chick price = ₱23.00
  • Total feeds consumed = 3 kgs x ₱30.00 = ₱90
  • Total investment = ₱113

The average price of dressed chicken is ₱170/kg so assuming that your chickens weigh 980 grams, you should get ₱166.6 per chicken or a profit of ₱53.6. If you have 500 chickens, you can make around ₱26,800 in 35 to 38 days – not bad!

Your profit can be higher or lower depending on many factors like chick price, chicken price, slaughter weight, and feed price. You must also consider mortality and other vitamins and supplements.

Chicken Feed Guide for Layers

Layers have the same feeds as broilers only that they consume less.

Starter Feed. For the first 6 weeks, your chicks should be on the starter feed.  Each bird will require about 28 grams per day or approximately 1.176 kgs of feed for the first 42 days.

Grower Feed. Starting with week seven thru week 15, feed your laying chicken grower feed (crumbles).  The protein level of this feed is typically 18%.  You will need about 3.6 kgs of feed per bird based on a consumption of 85 grams per bird per day.

Layer Feed. At about 16 weeks (4 months), switch your chickens to layer feed.   The protein level of this feed is typically 16% to 17%.  A laying hen will consume about 110 feeds per day. Hens will start to lay eggs at 4.5 to 5 months of age.

More or less 5 kgs of feed a laying hen could consume before it laid an egg. Putting it into financial figures, the data should look like this.

  • 5 kgs of feeds – ₱150
  • Chick price – ₱25
  • Daily feed consumption during laying time – 110 grams (₱3.3)
  • If the egg costs ₱6 (farm price) you should make ₱2.7 per egg

If you have 500 laying hens, you could make around ₱1.147 profit per day (consider the 15% non-laying hens. Not all hens will lay eggs daily)

If you find the above explanation vague, you may also refer to this table from RA Hog and Poultry

chicken feed guide

Questions Related to Chicken Feeding

What is the best feed for broiler chickens?

Chicken feed is primarily a mix of corn and soybean meal as advised by poultry nutritionists. Corn is the primary element in most chicken diets, in fact, two-thirds of chicken feed is made up of corn.

What is the formula for broiler feed?

Broilers should have a feed that has between 22 – 24% digestible crude protein, DCP. You should add 10-20 grams each of toxin binder, coccidiostat, and growth enhancers like zinc bacitracin. The above feed formula contains metabolizable energy of Kcal/Kg=3038.80, a calcium content of 1.19%, and a crude protein of 21.05%.

How much do 100 broilers feed need?

Feed Broiler starter crumbs of a very high standard for the first 21 days ( 2 bags – 50kg each- per 100 chicks). Feed Broiler growing pellets from day 22 to 42 ( 5 bags – 50kg each – per 100 chicks).

What makes broiler chickens grow faster?

The main reason broilers are getting bigger and growing faster is genetic selection. A good analogy is dog breeds. Dogs can be as small as only a few pounds, like chihuahuas, or as big as 100 pounds, like Great Danes.

What food makes chicken grow faster?

While chickens need a lot of carbs to meet their energy needs and make them put on weight, a high-protein diet can help your indigenous chickens grow faster. Animal by-products are generally some of the best quality protein sources for your chickens.

How can I make my own broiler feed?

You will require 110 kg of cracked corn, 68 kg of ground roasted soya beans, 11 kg of rolled oats, 11 kg of alfalfa meal, 11 kg of fish or bone meal, 4.5 kg of calcium powder, and 6.8 kg of poultry Nutri-balancer. This will make about 230 kg of chicken feed.

How many kg of feed does a broiler eat per day?

A broiler chicken will eat about 1 kg of starter, 1.5 kg of the grower, and 1.5 kg of finisher to reach market weight.

What is the best time to feed the broiler?

Your broilers should be ready to sell in 35-42 days at 1.5 kg.
Feeding guide for your broilers

Day 1 – 21: Starter Mash. Each chick will eat 1 kg in 21 days.
Days 21 – 35: Finisher Mash. Each chicken will eat 2 kg in 14 days.
Days 35 – 42: Finisher Mash. Each chicken will eat an extra 1 kg in 7 days.

How many months does it take a broiler to grow?

Broiler chickens are one of the most popular poultry breeds and they are uniquely bred for fast growth. They are really great at converting feed into muscle weight. Typically, their growth period is between 6 and 8 weeks of age and during this period, they are groomed to 6 pounds.

What is good chicken feed for layers?

For laying hens, we recommend a crumbed or pelleted feed (not a grain mix!) with a minimum of 17% protein and 4% calcium. For the average backyard layer right through to show quality birds, we usually recommend Showbird Breeder MP and Red Hen 17.

How much feed does a layer need daily?

Layer chickens need lots of protein and calcium in their diet. Each laying hen is expected to consume between 115g-125g of feed per day.

At what age do you feed chickens to layer feed?

Switch laying hens to a complete chicken layer feed when they start laying eggs around 18 weeks of age. Choose a complete layer feed that includes all the essential nutrients laying hens need to lay strong and stay strong. Then make the transition gradually over one week.

How many times do you feed layers?

Serve feed 2 or 3 times a day till they are 18 weeks of age. The demand for feed increases very fast when the birds begin laying. Provide them with layer poultry feed according to their age and weight. Don’t decrease the quantity of feed while lying (even if their weight increases).

What are the 3 types of feeds?

We can conveniently classify feeds into three main types: (1) roughages, (2) concentrates, and (3) mixed feeds. Roughages include pasture forages, hays, silages, and byproduct feed that contain a high percentage of fiber.

Conclusion

Raising both layers and broilers can be a profitable poultry business but considering the high cost of chicken feed, strict following of a chicken feed guide like this could save a lot of money. Farmers who don’t have a chicken feed guide system often overfeed their chickens and lost money in the process. Feeding broilers is trickier than laying hens because you have to control their feed intake once they reach their slaughter weight.

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