Animal domestication in the Philippines for profit is among the top industries ever since the country was colonized by the Spaniards more than 500 years ago. Animal husbandry and livestock farming are one of the most profitable farm businesses that can even be done in a small backyard without the need for large financial capital.
Backyard animal farming in the Philippines contributes bigger than commercial farms. In fact, of the total swine population, 72.1% were raised in backyard farms while the remaining 27.9% were from commercial farms. For poultry production, the Philippine broiler industry is composed of 20% backyard (fewer than 1,000 birds) and 80% commercial farms. There are reportedly 588 registered poultry farms and approximately 175 meat processors located throughout the country.
The Philippines produce different kinds of meat for local consumption; produces eggs, leather, fur, and other animal products that can be useful to human needs.
Animal farming is the main source for people living in rural areas aside from planting and cultivation of crops and vegetables.
A typical family living in the provincial rural area usually owns a pair of cattle, several goats, a couple of hogs, free-range chickens, and dogs. All these animals (except the pet dog) provide extra income for the family.
Due to the increasing demands, commercial poultry and hog growers are investing in rural areas to expand their production.
Most people do it for profit while others do it both for-profit and hobby.
Gamefowl farm owners usually breed fighting cocks because of their interest in cockfighting, while at the same time making money by selling ready-to-fight gamefowls.
People usually think that animal domestication for profit is limited only to cattle, hogs, chickens, goats, and the like without knowing that there are really a lot of types of animals to farm in order to make money.
The following are some of the animals you can grow and farm in the Philippines in order to make extra income – or make it the main source of income if you decide to go on large-scale production.
1. Pig/Hog Farming – Pork is among the three most important meat in the Philippines along with beef and chicken. As of this writing, the price of pork in CALABARZON is around P230 which is relatively high due to a shortage of supply. Many people can grow 2 to 5 pigs in their backyard without having large capital.
2. Piglet Production – this is different from growing swine for meat. Piglet production is the proceed of breeding piglets and selling them to growers. Piglet production is more profitable than growing pigs for meat but needs more work especially after the female delivers its piglets.
3. Native Pig Farming – native pig farming is different from the usual hog farming. Native pork is more expensive than those whites because their diet is different and their meat is superior in quality. Most native pig breeds in the country already cross but they can still be considered native especially if they are not pure white. Baboy Damo (wild boar) is different from domesticated native pigs. They can also be domesticated but they are far more expensive than the typical native pigs.
4. Free-Range Chicken – Chicken is domesticated for meat and eggs. This guide is specific to free-range chicken production. Freerange chicken farming is becoming popular in the Philippines, especially during the Coronavirus pandemic as people do other stuff to reinforce their income.
5. Chicken Broiler Farming – Whether you want to be a magnolia contract grower or a small poultry farmer, this guide can help you understand this business. Broiler farming is different from free-range because they are usually confined and use different breeds called “45 days chicken”.
6. Chicken Egg Production – Chicken eggs are one of the most important foods not only in the Philippines but also in most countries around the world. Farming layer chicken is also a different process compared to broiler production and free-ranging.
7. Quail Farming – The main purpose of quail farming is for quail egg production, but quail’s meat is also delicious and in high demand. You can also breed quail and sell quail chicks.
8. Turkey Farming and Breeding – Turkey farming in the Philippines shares a small percentage of the animal production industry but is lucrative and highly profitable due to its expensive meat price. There is a small farm in Cavite that breed turkey and sell fertilized eggs online. The business seems growing fast.
9. Goats Farming – Goat meat is considered premium and is more expensive than beef in most areas in Metro Manila. The popularity of goat’s milk is also growing in Metro Manila and the demand is increasing according to the Department of Agriculture. Goat farming is considered to be one of the most profitable livestock producers because they are not susceptible to diseases and are easy to manage.
10. Sheep Farming – Sheep are an important source of expensive wool and meat, especially for Muslims. Like goats, sheep farming is a lucrative farming business.
11. Duck farming (Pekin Ducks and Mallard Ducks) | One of the very important sources of meat, Pekin ducks are raised for eggs and meat while the native Mallard ducks are the number one source of Balut. People who raise ducks for balut are some of the most successful animal farmers in the country.
12. Dog Breeding – Another profitable business that only a few people are actually doing is dog breeding. Imagine a mother Labrador Retriever producing six puppies. Sell each puppy for at least ₱10,000 and you’ll be into profit. If you register your dog breeding business, you can double the price.
13. Gamefowl Breeding – Gamefowl breeding is considered profitable if you don’t engage in gambling and focus only on breeding. A good breeder can make at least ₱3,000 net profit for every fighting cock in 14 months. Cockfighting is a multi-billion dollar industry in the Philippines. According to data from several sources, the cockfighting industry generates more than 700 billion pesos ($13.4 billion) annually in wagers. That figure is more than double the estimated gross gaming revenue of the country’s casinos in 2019, based on figures provided by the Philippine Amusement & Gaming Corp. The figure does not include turnovers from game farms and backyard breeders.
14. Crocodile Farming – This might be the first time that you heard about crocodiles being farmed in the Philippines. Crocodiles are domesticated for food and leather. In Davao, a crocodile Lechon is an expensive but sought-after delicacy.
15. Rabbit farming – Rabbit meat is not yet popular but the industry is getting on track. Rabbit meat is a good source of protein. Whether you want to grow a rabbit for pet or meat, this business model is for you.
16. Cattle Farming – The main source of beef, cattle farming is one of the oldest types of animal domestication. Even if you don’t own land, a “paiwi/pa-alaga system” can grow your flock in no time.
17. Horse Farming and Breeding – Horses are very important, especially to Filipino farmers. In some areas where carabaos and cows can’t be used, horses are the best alternative. They are bred mostly for sports and many other uses, but in many rural areas, they use to transport crops. Horses are expensive and raising them is profitable.
18. Tilapia/Bangus Farming – Tilapia and Bangus farming can be done in lakes, ponds, or earthen ponds. It’s your choice depending on the availability of your resources. This is a profitable farming business. Like tilapia farming, Bangus farming is one of the most profitable farming businesses.
19. Beekeeping – Beekeeping is not as popular as most of the mentioned above there are two Barangays in lipa City that are thriving in beekeeping. They sell honeybees and process beeswax. Beekeeping is one of the most profitable farming businesses that don’t need large pice of land.
20. Vermicomposting – Many Filipinos are still clueless about vermicomposting. This is a lucrative business if managed well, selling in-demand – products to fellow farmers. Vermicomposting is also one of the top farming businesses that have very low risk as the disease on wrigglers is not as bad as on those on swine, birds, and other land animals.
Have you decided what animals to grow after reading the above lists? The choice is yours!
Frequently Asked Questions Related to Animal Farming in the Philippines
What are the farm animals in the Philippines?
Popular farm animals in the Philippines include livestock and poultry. These are pigs, chickens, cattle, goats, sheep, ducks, horses, turkeys, and sheep. Other animals like bees for beekeeping, and crocodiles are also gaining popularity. Dog breeding is becoming popular as well.
Which livestock raising is very popular in the Philippines?
Livestock and poultry make up two of the most important subsectors in the Philippines’ agricultural industry. Of all the animals reared for human consumption, hogs and chickens were the most consumed, contributing to most of the production volume of livestock and poultry in the country
What are the benefits of raising farm animals?
Some of the benefits of raising farm animals
- Chemical free eggs
- Fresh raw milk and healthy meat
- No artificial cheese
- Grass-fed meat
What is the easiest farm animal and livestock to raise?
Pekin Ducks are the easiest farm animals to raise. They are a great source of meat and large eggs. For livestock, goats are the easiest to raise and they are extremely friendly and sociable.
How big is the meat industry in the Philippines?
In 2020, the total production of meat for the Philippines was 3.14 million tonnes. Total production of meat in the Philippines increased from 568,567 tonnes in 1971 to 3.14 million tonnes in 2020 growing at an average annual rate of 3.81%.
What is the best breed of cattle suitable in the Philippines?
Temperate breeds of dairy cattle that have been raised successfully in the Philippines are the Holstein Friesian, Jersey, and the Brown Swiss.
Is cow farming profitable in the Philippines?
In the Philippines, raising cattle is not a popular income-generating project despite the high marketability of beef, the cattle meat. As a matter of fact, cattle farmers are found only in Batangas, Tarlac, Pangasinan, Masbate, Mindoro, Iloilo and Cotabato. Filipinos raise cattle mainly for use in plowing and transporting god but people who raise cattle for meat are in fact making handsome profits.
How much is goat meat in the Philippines?
Goat meat in the Philippines has a very uncontrolled price. In Metro Manila, goat meat can cost up to P400 per kilo while in Batangas, it can cost between P200 to P300. Goat meat is considered premium meat and therefore costs higher than pork, beef, and chicken.
How much is a farm carabao in the Philippines?
The average farmgate price of one kilogram of carabao for slaughter in provinces that use carabao meat is between P150 to P250 per kilo. In batangas, Carabao meat costs P250, while in Silay City, it costs around P230. Live Carabao is not weighed when the purpose of the buyer is for land use. The price depends on age and size. Small ones can cost P15,000 while big bulls can cost up to P45,000. Female carabaos that are ready to breed or already breeding can cost between P25,000 to P40,000 and could be higher in some other places.
Is animal farming sustainable?
Livestock production can be an important component of a sustainable agricultural system because it can provide a quality source of plant nutrients, be an income generator, and provide an environmentally sound use of certain lands.
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