Halaan farming in the Philippines is common on muddy beaches around the country, especially in places near estuaries. Halaan farming can be a profitable aquaculture business if properly managed and with enough clam seeds.
The Halaan Shell
Halaan (scientific name: Lajonkairia lajonkairii) is an edible species of saltwater clam in the family Veneridae, the Venus clams. It is popularly known as punaw in Negros and is one of the most economically important clam shells alongside blood cockle or blood clam (Litob in Negros, Tegillarca granosa). Halaan is different from Tulya (Corbicula fluminea) which grows in freshwater.
Common names for the species include Manila clam, Japanese littleneck clam, Japanese cockle, and Japanese carpet shell.
The shell of halaan is elongate, oval, and sculptured with radiating ribs. It is generally 40 to 57 millimeters wide, with a maximum width of 79 millimeters. The shell is quite variable in color and patterning, being cream-colored to gray with concentric lines or patches. Individuals living in anoxic conditions may be black. The inside surface of the shell is often white with purple edges. The siphons are separated at the tips.
Although the halaan shell grows in the wild, farming can protect against overharvesting and can dictate the size of the harvest. Halaan farming does not include a complicated process. All you need is at least 1000 square meters of beach land. The solid must be a mixture and mud and sand for the clams to grow. You also need young clams to grow and you can buy these seed clams from other halaan farmers. Just clean the beach land and must be free from algae and other garbage. Algae is its main threat. Halaan can be harvested starting six months and there is no feed needed.
Halaan shell can cost between P50 (cheapest) to P200 per kilogram depending on which part of the Philippines. in Metro Manila, it can cost more than P200 especially if you sell it directly to hotels and restaurants. There are several recipes that can be made with halaan but the most common are tinola, sweet and sour, adobo, and ginataan.
Male clam shells produce sperm and release it into the water, while females produce eggs that are retained internally. The sperm get drawn into the female bivalve through her siphons, and fertilization occurs.
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