Is large-scale tomato farming in the Philippines profitable? Have you ever grown a vegetable like a tomato in your backyard? Or is it to shop in the market? If so, you probably already know the right way to grow tomatoes. But what if not yet, but you plan to plant it but you lack the knowledge? It will help you to read this article.
What is tomato
Tomato or kamatis, is the name given to a type of plant or fruit that is green when raw, but turns yellow to red, when ripe. Tomato is a common plant that grows anywhere in the world. Its red fruit is commonly used in many cuisines and dishes of various cultures. It is a small plant and does not grow strong branches. Its fruit contains carotene and lycopene, excellent antioxidants.
The red color of tomatoes is due to lycopene. Solanine and fixed oil can absorb the whole tomato plant.
In addition to these, the fruit contains water, protein, fats, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins A, B, and C, nicotinic acid, pantothenic acid, Vitamin E, biotin, malic acid, citric acid, oxalic acid, minerals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, copper, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, and chlorine.
Tomato farming: How to grow tomatoes
Tomato farmers say that raw tomatoes are easy to grow and easy to grow. But it is difficult to grow in regions with long winter seasons if a method of sowing is not used. In addition, its seedlings begin to grow in the months of January to March. Planting of tomato varieties begins in January or February, and early and mid-ripening in March.
To grow tomatoes, it is necessary that the seeds are in a container with soil and a window sill. The seedlings began to grow in the months when the weather was cold. The best time for transplanting seedlings is February.
Now that you know the first step and the preparation, let’s learn how to plant tomatoes the right way.
The proper way of growing tomatoes
Preparation of tomato seeds. The amount of tomato yield depends on how it is planted and what type of seed you will use. Therefore, further preparation of tomato seeds is needed to serve as seeds.
Separate the seed from the tomato with 6 -7% salt solution (2 teaspoons of salt per 1 liter of water). Then put the seeds in it and mix for 6 to 7 minutes.
Land preparation for planting. Planting tomatoes should be carried out in loose soil, properly retaining moisture and containing nutrients. To grow large tomatoes, it is better to use loose soil. It is recommended to add humus and sand if your soil is hard.
Planting seeds. Plant the selected seeds on the land to be planted. Like other crops, the soil for planting tomato seeds needs to be moist or moist mass so that the seeds stick to the ground and are not easily washed away by water when it rains.
More tips on tomato farming
If you want to be successful in growing and farming tomatoes, follow these steps:
- Planting should be carried out in a sunny place because tomatoes are very photophilous plants.
- The optimal irrigation of tomatoes is twice a week.
- Soil preparation and fertilization are critical stages of growing tomatoes.
- Tomatoes can be picked only when they are red. Artificial ripening has a detrimental effect on the properties of this vegetable.
Tomato farming in the Philippines cost and return data as of 2019
The top major tomato-producing regions (2019) are:
- Region 1 (Ilocos Region) – 73,324.87 metric tons
- Region X (Northern Mindanao) – 45,528,56 metric tons
- Region 3 (Central Luzon) – 31,452.8 metric tons
- Region IV-A (CALABARZON) – 16,016.93 metric tons
- Region IV (Western Visayas) – 11,484.12 metric tons
Tomato farming cost and return analysis
Leading tomato buyers and customers in the Philippines
See the complete report from DA here.
Questions related to tomato farming
What is the yield of tomatoes per hectare?
Quantity of tomatoes per hectare in medium-technology greenhouses: between 200 and 250 tonnes. Quantity of tomatoes per hectare in high-tech greenhouses: between 250 and 600 tonnes.
How many tomato plants are needed per hectare?
Tomatoes are normally field set at 11,000 to 18,000 plants per hectare depending on the type of tomato and its field spacing: 1. Determinate (small-vined) cultivars – plants 45 to 60 cm apart, rows 1 to 1.5 m apart.
What is the average yield per tomato plant?
Different tomato varieties have different yields, but roughly, one tomato plant can produce 4 to 13 kilograms of tomatoes. So, depending on size, a single plant can typically yield 20 to 90 garden-fresh tomatoes.
How long do tomatoes take to yield?
Tomatoes take 60 days to more than 100 days to harvest, depending on the variety (see more about varieties below). Due to their relatively long growing season requirements (and late planting date), most gardeners plant small “starter plants” or transplants instead of seeds after the weather has warmed up in spring.
How many kg of tomato seeds per hectare?
About 250-300 g of seed are sufficient for raising seedlings for one hectare of land. Prior to sowing seeds are treated with the fungal culture of Trichoderma viride (4 g/ kg of seed) or Thiram (2g/kg of seed) to avoid damage from the damping-off disease. Sowing should be done thinly in lines spaced at 10-15 cm distance.
What is the correct spacing for tomatoes?
They recommend spacing tomato plants two feet or more apart. Air circulation is particularly important considering that disease spread quickly in humid situations, according to researchers from the UC Davis Vegetable Research and Information Center.
How many times tomato can be harvested?
Tomatoes are harvested twice a week when the plants are about three months old. Fruiting may continue for a period of 1–2 months based on the cultivar, soil, and climatic conditions. Tomatoes ripen on the plant itself; however, ripening may take place after harvesting as well.
Which tomato has the highest yield?
The tomato varieties that produce the most tomatoes would be black krim, gold nugget, celebrity, San Marzano, black cherry, pozzano, supersweet 100, tomatoberry, sun gold, red currant, early girl, and grape tomatoes.
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