Winged bean farming is an agriculture business that more and more Filipinos are engaging in due to its high profitability. If you are here because you want to learn how to plant and grow sigarilyas, you are in the right place.
Sigarilyas, winged bean, or four-angled bean, also known (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) is a class of leguminous vegetable crops commonly grown in tropical and subtropical countries. This green vegetable has four angel forms, curling in the tip portion with a length of 6-9 inches. However, it is popularly grown in some provinces as one of the main sources of production.
Some farmers engaging in the production of winged beans is more satisfying for the long-term of production produce because it can last throughout the year due to its resistance to pests and other diseases that usually attack other crops, especially in the ever- before weather conditions.
With the right initiative of the farmer even on any crops that are resistant to diseases, still make sure that the soil has adequate nutrients, regular application of fertilizer, and proper supply of water so that the crops will be useful at harvest time.
Winged bean farming preparation
For the first step of farming, it is important to know the proper cultivation of the soil and clean the surroundings to avoid the refuge from pests that are usually effects of low production. Early preparation is more useful to decompose some weeds as crop residue helps to give additional fertilizer to the soil. This practice is more effective in other farms to prevent some common problems caused by lower yield production, and also the reduction of pests.
Tips for proper planting of sigarilyas
Before planting, think about what is a good planting season to avoid common farm problems. Start midsummer or wet season to have a good moisture content, and water supply if the production site is far away from groundwater sources. Winged beans are more productive if they have good water management that absorbs when the plant’s stage of growth.
- Require soil type 6.0 to 7.0 pH, loamy sand, the best type of soil become crops grow immediately and productively.
- Select the best location of the farm for a suitable plant to be planted here. Avoid shaded areas, prone to flood, preferably if it is leveled, have irrigation, good absorption of sunlight (east to west), and productive soil.
- You can use organic or inorganic fertilizers such as compost, urea, and complete fertilizer to support the total need of crops for reproduction.
- Direct or indirect seeding is advisable for planting winged beans.
- It is required produce to conduct soil testing analysis to determine the right amount of fertilizer applied in the soil.
- If practicing direct seeding, start to soak the seed before planting 2-3 hours before planting.
- Measure the depth of the hole 2-3 inches with a distance of 1 meter apart. In every eye of the needle put 2-3 seeds to reserve other seeds.
- After planting, give enough water supply to have a good moisture content.
- 4-5 weeks after planting, if the crops are well developed apply organic or inorganic fertilizer by ring application methods to avoid root system disturbance.
- Before the stage of flowering, apply complete fertilizer (14-14-14) to reproduce and to become well-developed the flowering.
- Monitor your production twice a week to identify some common problems affecting production. Apply insecticide if the plants already attack pests that would not control biological methods.
Questions about winged bean farming
How long does it take to grow sigarilyas?
Plants mature at 75 – 90 days after sowing and can continuously produce for up to 5 months.
While most Winged Bean varieties require short days to bloom, leaving inadequate time at the end of the season for beans to form in temperate climates. This day-neutral variety is more suited to both North American gardens and tropical climates and will bloom in time for a harvest of tender pods by late summer or fall.
Are winged beans hard to grow?
Winged beans (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus) are another amazing, nutritious, and easy-to-grow plant. Unfortunately, this underutilized species is unknown in most parts of the world but has the potential to become a multi-use food crop.
How many beans can 1 acre produce?
The hybrid varieties nowadays are very impressive and have a high yield compared to the traditional varieties. Most of the improved varieties produce about 20 pods for each plant, which translates to about 25, 90 kg bags per acre. Notably, this crop is high yielding when all the conditions are optimal.
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