Mung bean (scientific name: Vigna radiata), or monggo farming is one of the most profitable crops for farmers in the Philippines.
Have you been thinking about growing your own food but weren’t sure where to start? Planting mung beans is a great way to get started as it requires minimal effort and space, but yields delicious and nutritious harvests that can be harvested in as little as 4-6 weeks! In this article, we’ll provide you with the ultimate beginner’s guide to planting and harvesting mung beans at home.
Mung Bean Production in the Philippines
Mung beans are produced in Region I with a yearly average production of 13,181 metric tons, Region II with 6,800 MT, Region III with 6,500 MT, Region VI with 2,950 MT, and ARMM with 2,809 MT. The Ilocos Region produces more than 1/3 of the country’s total mung bean production.
Filipino monggo farmers can earn an average net income of P26,000 per hectare in just a little over 2 months. A hectare of mung bean can produce 869 kilograms of mung bean.
Introduction to Mung Beans
Mung beans are a delicious and nutritious legume that is native to Asia. They are popular in many Asian cuisines and are often used in soups, stir-fries, and curries. Mung beans are relatively easy to grow, and they can be a great addition to your home garden.
If you are interested in planting mung beans, there are a few things you should know before getting started. First of all, mung beans need warm weather to thrive. They should be planted in early spring or late summer/early fall, when temperatures are consistently above 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Mung bean plants also need full sunlight and well-drained soil.
To plant mung beans, simply sow the seeds about 1 inch deep in the soil. You can either plant them directly in the ground or start them indoors in pots and then transplant them later. Mung bean plants will typically mature within 60-80 days. Once the plants have flowered and produced pods, you can begin harvesting the beans. To do this, simply snap the pods off of the plant and open them up to remove the beans inside.
Mung beans are a versatile ingredient that can be used in many different dishes. If you are looking for a new way to incorporate them into your cooking, why not try making some homemade mung bean sprouts? Sprouting mung beans is easy to do and only takes a few days.
Benefits of Growing Mung Beans
Mung beans are a delicious and nutritious addition to any meal. They are an excellent source of protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Mung beans are also low in calories and fat.
There are many benefits to growing mung beans. They are easy to grow and require little maintenance. Mung beans also have a high yield potential. One plant can produce up to 1 pound of beans.
Mung beans can be used in a variety of dishes. They can be cooked in soups, stews, curries, or stir-fries. Mung bean Sprouts are also a popular addition to salads and sandwiches.
If you are looking for a nutritious and delicious addition to your diet, consider growing mung beans. They are easy to grow and require little maintenance. Plus, mung beans have a high yield potential and can be used in a variety of dishes.
How to Plant and Grow Mung Bean
If you’re looking to add a nutritious and delicious legume to your home garden, look no further than the mung bean! Mung beans are easy to grow, requiring little maintenance once they’re planted. In this article, we’ll show you how to plant and grow mung beans so that you can enjoy your very own harvest of these versatile beans.
Mung beans are best planted in early May to June, as they need warm weather and rain to germinate. Choose a sunny spot in your garden with well-drained soil. To prepare the soil for planting, mix in some compost or organic matter to help the beans thrive.
Once the soil is ready, it’s time to plant the seeds! Plant the seeds 1-2 inches deep, spacing them about 2-3 inches apart. If you’re growing mung beans in containers, make sure that the container has drainage holes so that excess water can escape.
Water the seeds immediately after planting, and keep the soil moist throughout the germination process. The seeds should sprout within 7-10 days. Once they’ve sprouted, thin out the seedlings so that there is only one per pot or per 3-4 inches of space in your garden bed.
As the plants grow, keep an eye out for pests and diseases. Be sure to remove any affected leaves or stems so that the rest of your crop isn’t impacted. Once the plants have reached about 6 inches tall, you can begin
Mung Bean Varieties
There are many different varieties of mung beans, each with its own unique flavor and texture. Some of the most popular varieties include:
- Green Mung Beans: These beans are the most common type of mung bean, and have a slightly sweet and nutty flavor. They’re often used in Chinese and Vietnamese cuisine.
- Black Mung Beans: Black mung beans have a richer, more robust flavor than green mung beans. They’re commonly used in Indian dishes like dal or sambar.
- Red Mung Beans: Red mung beans have a deep, earthy flavor and are often used in Southeast Asian cuisine.
- White Mung Beans: White mung beans are the mildest-tasting variety of mung bean, and are often used in soups or desserts.
Mung Bean Farming Tips
Assuming you have already procured your mung beans, it is time to plant them. Here are some tips to ensure a successful crop:
- Choose a sunny spot in your garden with well-drained soil. Mung beans do not like wet feet, so avoid planting them in areas that stay soggy after rain.
- Prepare your soil by loosening it and removing any rocks or debris. Mung beans also prefer neutral to slightly acidic soil, so consider getting your soil tested before planting.
- Plant mung beans 1-2 inches deep and about 2 inches apart in rows that are 18-24 inches apart.
- Water regularly, especially during dry spells or when the plants are blooming and setting pods. Avoid getting the leaves wet when watering, as this can promote fungal diseases.
- When the plants are 4-6 inches tall, thin them out so that there is only one plant every 4 inches. This will give the remaining plants room to grow and produce more beans.
- Harvest mung beans when the pods are green and slightly tender. You can eat them fresh or cook them in a variety of dishes.
Pest and Disease Control for Mung Beans
Pests and diseases can be a big problem when growing mung beans. Here are a few tips to help you control them:
- Inspect your plants regularly for signs of pests or disease.
- If you see anything suspicious, isolate the affected plants immediately.
- Treat affected plants with an appropriate pesticide or fungicide.
- Keep your garden clean and free of debris to discourage pests and diseases.
- Rotate your crops to avoid problems with specific pests or diseases.
Harvesting and Storage of Mung Beans
Harvesting and storing mung beans is a simple process that can be done at home with little effort. Mung beans are typically harvested when the plant has reached its full height and the pods are ripe and yellow in color. To harvest, simply cut the plant at the stem and remove the pods. Once harvested, the beans can be stored in a cool, dry place for up to two weeks.
Questions Related to Mung Bean Farming
How do you farm Monggo?
Mongo is planted by the row-grill method or broadcast method. Harvesting starts within 65-72 days after planting when pods turn brown or black and leaves turn yellow. It is done by handpicking the pods which are then sundried, threshed, and packed in sacks.
How long does it take for a Monggo seed to grow?
Mung beans are a warm-season crop and take between 90-120 days to mature. Mung beans can be grown outside or inside. Prior to sowing seed, prepare the bed. Mung beans are like fertile, sandy, loam soil with excellent drainage and a pH of 6.2 to 7.2.
How long does it take for mung beans to harvest?
Mung bean matures within 75 to 90 days. Pod maturity in mung beans is not uniform because the plants flower over an extended period. This makes it difficult to decide when to harvest. Generally, harvesting should begin when one-half to two-thirds of the pods are mature.
Is mung bean easy to grow?
Although mung beans are easier to plant than many other bean crops, an ample amount of soil preparation is beneficial.
How are mung beans farmed?
Mung beans are planted in late May to early June, using the same type of planting equipment used for soybeans. Mung beans will flower 50 to 60 days after planting and will continue flowering for about a month. The seeds should be planted about 1.5 inches apart in rows set 15 inches apart, and about an inch deep.
How profitable is mung bean farming?
Mung bean farming is profitable ad can be a good intercrop with other crops like corn.
How much water do mung beans need daily?
The water requirement for maximum production of mung bean at 60 to 120 days after seeding varies between 300 and 500 mm depending on the climatic condition. Irrigation of mung beans is very important because of the short vegetation and rapid growth period.
We hope this beginner’s guide to mung bean farming has given you the information and confidence you need to get started growing your own delicious mung beans at home. With a little bit of hard work and dedication, even novice gardeners can have success when it comes to cultivating their own mung bean crop. Give it a shot and see what kind of amazing results you can achieve!
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