If you come here looking for details about biointensive gardening and farming, you came to the right place so continue reading.
In the vast world of agriculture, it is important for farmers to be strategic and resourceful when it comes to planting so that the harvest will be more abundant when the harvest season comes. One of the methods I refer to is Bio intensive gardening. What is bio-intensive gardening? What is its main purpose?
What is Biointensive Gardening?
Biointensive gardening is a method of biological planting in which a small amount of land is planted with many types of plants but the soil is kept fertile and rich in nutrients. Bio-intensive gardening is a method or technique of planting that focuses on arranging the land for planting. Usually, farmers using this method dig the soil to twice the depth compared to the ordinary depth of the soil pit which does not use bio-intensive gardening. The purpose of the deeper pit is to get the root of the plant more nutrients from the soil. And its return of course is a more abundant harvest.
How is Bio-intensive Farming Done?
Just like I mentioned about bio-intensive, it focuses on plot adjustment or planting land. It is also common to fertilize the soil with organic fertilizer to make it healthier and bring benefits to the crop. Its dried leaves and stems, kitchen leftovers, and other waste are good for making organic fertilizer in the soil.
Examples of Biointensive Gardening
Usually in natural planting, you will plant one row of lettuce on one plot of land and another row of peppers on another plot of land. But with bio-intensive gardening, you can plant lettuce and peppers side by side on a single plot without being deprived of nutrients. This is because the soil is rich in nutrients due to the organic fertilizer applied to it and also because the pit of the cultivated soil is deep.
How to make a Bio-intensive Garden
- Measure the planting bed 6 meters long and 1.5 meters wide. Loosen the soil to a depth of 30 centimeters.
- Add soil to the garden bed until it rises.
- Put fertilizers such as compost, dry manure, kakawati leaves, etc. in the garden bed.
- Mix the fertilizer and the soil well.
- Align the garden bed. It is ready for planting.
Questions and answers about Bio-intensive farming
Is bio-intensive gardening good?
Biointensive farming maintains soil fertility by allotting about 60% of what is grown to compost crops. Focusing on this form of farming can ensure that both the gardener and the soil are adequately fed and that the farm remains sustainable.
How does biointensive gardening be done?
Biointensive agriculture is an organic agricultural system that focuses on achieving maximum yields from a minimum area of land, while simultaneously increasing biodiversity and sustaining the fertility of the soil. The goal of the method is long-term sustainability on a closed-system basis.
What is deep soil preparation?
Deep soil preparation builds soil and soil structure by loosening the soil to a depth of 24 inches (60 cm). Ideal soil structure has both pore space for air and water to move freely and soil particles that hold together nicely.
What are the advantages of bio-intensive gardening?
Biointensive farming diversifies the microbial life of the soil and improves its quality. All amendments added to permanent beds, such as compost, green manures, and other natural fertilizers, aim to nourish and enhance soil fertility, which will help you grow top-quality crops. In short, one of the many advantages of bio-intensive agriculture is, it nurtures the health of the soil.
How do you do intensive planting?
Instead, intensive gardeners will plant rows with two or three plants side-by-side, creating one wide double or triple row. This reduces the overall number of rows and the wasted space between them. Use the wide row method for all crops except vining plants like cucumbers and melons.
What is the difference between permaculture and biodynamic farming?
Biodynamic farming has restrictions on chemical and intensive farming methods, while Permaculture relies on good planning and the know-how and sensibility of the system’s farmers and communities. They share a lot in common in terms of culture.
How do you apply biofertilizers to the soil?
4 kg each of the recommended biofertilizers are mixed in 200 kg of compost and kept overnight. This mixture is incorporated into the soil at the time of sowing or planting. The inoculum should be applied 2-3 cm below the soil at the time of sowing.
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